Windows of Opportunity: How Women Seize Peace Negotiations by Miriam J. Anderson PDF

By Miriam J. Anderson

In 1915, girls from over thirty nations met within the Hague to precise competition to global battle I and suggest how one can finish it. The delegates made 3 calls for: for girls to be current in any respect overseas peace meetings, a womens-only peace convention to be convened along any legit negotiations, and the institution of common suffrage. whereas those calls for went unmet on the time, modern womens teams proceed to hunt participation in peace negotiations and to have language selling gender equality inserted into all peace agreements. among 1975 and 2011 approximately forty% of all conflicts that produced peace agreements led to not less than one with references to girls. lots of those clauses addressed reimbursement for wartime gender-based violence and promises for womens participation within the post-conflict transitional interval. Others incorporated electoral quotas and adjustments to inheritance laws. interestingly, the language used to deal with ladies is close to constant throughout those agreements, and that's since it displays foreign womens rights norms instead of extra neighborhood norms. Why is it that although a peace agreements fundamental aim is to finish clash, a few comprise possibly debatable provisions approximately gender that may hold up or complicate achieving an contract? Why do those provisions echo overseas norms instead of neighborhood, cultural ones? And which elements make it much more likely that womens rights will seem in peace agreements? home windows of chance solutions those questions through interpreting peace negotiations in Burundi, Macedonia, and northerly eire in addition to 195 peace agreements signed among 1975 and 2011. It appears to be like on the key actors inquisitive about lobbying for womens participation, besides their motivations, targets, and methods. It additionally explores the explanations for similarities one of the gender provisions.

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Critical Turning Points in the Middle East: 1915 - 2015 by N. Al-Rodhan,G. Herd,L. Watanabe PDF

By N. Al-Rodhan,G. Herd,L. Watanabe

This booklet takes a unique examine the trendy heart East in the course of the prisms of six cascading damaging serious turning issues. It identifies the seeds of a possible 7th within the collective dignity deficits generated by means of bad governance paradigms and exacerbated through geopolitical pageant for the region's ordinary resources.

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Forged Through Fire: War, Peace, and the Democratic Bargain by John Ferejohn,Frances McCall Rosenbluth PDF

By John Ferejohn,Frances McCall Rosenbluth

Peace, many might agree, is a objective that democratic countries should still try to accomplish. yet is democracy, actually, depending on struggle to survive?

Having spent their celebrated careers exploring this provocative query, John Ferejohn and Frances McCall Rosenbluth hint the incredible ways that governments have mobilized armies when you consider that antiquity, studying that our sleek type of democracy not just advanced in a brutally aggressive atmosphere but additionally quick disintegrated while the strong elite now not wanted their citizenry to protect opposed to existential threats.

Bringing to vibrant existence the foremost battles that formed our present political panorama, the authors start with the fierce warrior states of Athens and the Roman Republic. whereas those experiments in “mixed executive” could function a foundation for the cut price among politics and defense on the middle of recent democracy, Ferejohn and Rosenbluth brilliantly chronicle the generations of bloodshed that it is going to take for the world’s dominant states at hand over strength to the folk. actually, for over one thousand years, at the same time medieval empires gave strategy to feudal Europe, the king nonetheless governed. no longer even the developments of gunpowder—which decisively tipped the stability clear of the cavalry-dominated militaries and in desire of mass armies—could threaten the reign of monarchs and “landed elites” of yore.

The quite filthy rich, notwithstanding, weren't good built to address the large hard work sessions produced by way of industrialization. As we study, the Napoleonic Wars stoked actual, bottom-up nationalism and pulled splintered societies again jointly as “commoners” stepped as much as struggle for his or her freedom. quickly after, Hitler and Stalin completely illustrated the army boundaries of dictatorships, a mode of governance that may be powerful for mobilizing a military yet now not for profitable an international conflict. This used to be a lesson fast heeded through the yank army, who may start to toughen their ranks with minorities in trade for larger civil liberties at home.

Like Francis Fukuyama and Jared Diamond’s so much acclaimed works, Forged via Fire concludes within the smooth international, the place the “tug of battle” among the robust and the powerless keeps to play out in profound methods. certainly, within the covert battlefields of this day, drones have started to erode the necessity for manpower, giving politicians even much less incentive than earlier than to hear the calls for in their constituency. With American democracy’s flanks now uncovered, this pressing exam explores the stipulations below which conflict has promoted the most loved human innovations: a central authority of the folk, through the folk, for the folk. the end result delivers to turn into the most vital background books to emerge in our time.

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Read e-book online Friedenstheoretische Kernfragen aus der Perspektive der PDF

By Joachim Wulkop

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Krieg und Frieden, Militär, be aware: 2,2, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen (Institut für Soziologie), Veranstaltung: Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Kaum ein Tag vergeht, an dem in den Nachrichten nicht über Gewalt berichtet wird. Über neue Kriege, alte Spannungen, über schwelende Konflikte und verlustreiche Gefechte wird wortreich und bildhaft informiert: das Ausmaß menschlichen Versagens im Umgang miteinander ist immer eine Meldung wert. Dadurch sind die Assoziationen zum Begriff „Krieg“ relativ leicht aufzudecken: Bilder von Toten, Verletzten, zerbombten Städten, verheerten Landstrichen.
Doch wie lässt sich Frieden definieren?
In der vorliegenden Hausarbeit soll untersucht werden, ob eine Bestimmung des Friedensbegriffes außerhalb der Negativ-Definition als Gegenteil vom Krieg überhaupt möglich ist. Darüber hinaus soll erläutert werden, used to be der Begriff „Frieden“ beinhaltet. Des weiteren wird die Frage geklärt ob, international gesehen, Frieden herrschen kann während andernorts Kämpfe stattfinden, ob es additionally legitim ist, von einer Teilbarkeit des Friedens zu sprechen.

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Download PDF by Kristine Hoglund,Magnus Oberg: Understanding Peace Research: Methods and Challenges

By Kristine Hoglund,Magnus Oberg

This textbook offers a entire assessment of alternative equipment and assets of information-gathering for peace and clash scholars and researchers, in addition to the demanding situations provided by way of such paintings.

Research on conflict-ridden societies incorporates distinct demanding situations for the gathering and evaluate of knowledge concerning the clash and its actors. First, as a result of nature of knowledge rising, incentives to misrepresent and propaganda is usual. information insurance is typically bad and reporting is usually incomplete, selective and biased. moment, the sensitivity of the subject and the questions posed in peace and clash study implies that entry to and the protection of informants could be a challenge.

Peace and clash learn as a self-discipline contains a variety of diversified ways for acquiring empirical details which function a foundation for reading quite a few study themes. This booklet presents a entire review of other tools and assets of information-gathering for college students and researchers, in addition to the demanding situations awarded by way of such paintings. It bargains:

  • tools for comparing assets and information

  • suggestions on the place varieties of info might be found

  • advice on utilizing sorts of resources, together with information reviews and written narratives

  • practical guidance for developing large-scale datasets

  • insights and guidance for comparative fieldwork, in-depth interviews, concentration teams, and surveys?

  • reflection and dialogue on very important moral issues in peace research

This e-book should be of a lot curiosity for college kids and researchers of peace and clash reviews, clash answer, battle and clash stories, improvement reviews, safeguard reports and IR, in addition to for NGO workers/researchers.

Kristine Höglund is affiliate Professor on the division of Peace and clash learn, Uppsala collage. She has a PhD in Peace and clash examine from Uppsala college Sweden (2004). She is writer of Peacemaking within the Shadow of Violence.

Magnus Öberg is affiliate Professor on the division of Peace and clash learn, Uppsala college, and affiliate Editor of the Journal of Peace Research (since 2006). He has a PhD in Peace and clash learn from Uppsala collage (2003) and is co-editor of Resources, Governance, and Civil Conflict (Routledge, 2008).

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Download e-book for kindle: Peace Figuration after International Intervention: by Gëzim Visoka

By Gëzim Visoka

This booklet examines the adversarial affects of liberal peacebuilding in conflict-affected societies.

It introduces ‘peace figuration’ as a brand new analytical framework for learning the intentionality, performativity, and results of liberal peacebuilding. The paintings demanding situations present theories and perspectives and searches for substitute non-conflicted examine avenues which are appropriate for realizing how peacebuilding intentions are made, how assorted occasions form peace results, and what are the results of peacebuilding interventions. Drawing on special case stories of peacebuilding in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo and Timor-Leste, the booklet argues that makes an attempt to construct peace usually fail to accomplish the meant results. A figurational view of peacebuilding interventions indicates that post-conflict societies event a number of episodes of good fortune and failure in an unpredictable trajectory. This publication develops a relational sociology of peacebuilding influence, that's the most important for overcoming static dimension of peacebuilding successes or mess ups. It indicates that overseas interventions can form peace yet, importantly, now not continuously within the form they meant.

This e-book could be of a lot curiosity to scholars of statebuilding, peacebuilding, conflict and clash reviews, safeguard stories and IR.

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Armed Conflict, Peace Audit and Early Warning 2014: by D. Suba Chandran,P. R. Chari PDF

By D. Suba Chandran,P. R. Chari

This quantity addresses 3 significant safety points in South Asia – armed conflicts, peace audit and early caution. The essays span the whole diversity of armed conflicts, together with inter-state and intra-state actors within the area. An cutting edge try is usually made to audit the peace strategies in conflict-driven environments due to the fact that sure components have witnessed an finish to armed conflicts. Addressing the distance among the tip of violence and the reaction to peace, it assesses even if peace strategies are fragile in South Asia.

The quantity extra highlights early caution of drawing close armed conflicts allowing the location of ameliorative measures for facing the placement from a legislations and order standpoint. The position of inner and electoral politics is of specified importance the following. Topical and up to date, the essays handle peace strategies in Nagaland and Manipur, talks with the Taliban, elections in Nepal, ten years of Indo-Pak stop fireplace, and the typical divide in Jammu and Kashmir, between others.


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Download PDF by Dr John Schofield,Wayne Cocroft: A Fearsome Heritage: Diverse Legacies of the Cold War (One

By Dr John Schofield,Wayne Cocroft

From titanic nuclear try websites to the extra refined fabric realities of daily life, the impression of the chilly conflict on sleek tradition has been profound and worldwide. Fearsome Legacies unites leading edge paintings at the interpretation and administration of chilly warfare history from fields together with archaeology, background, paintings and structure, and cultural reports. members comprehend fabric tradition in its broadest feel, reading gadgets in outer area, household house, landscapes, and creative areas. They take on interpretive demanding situations and controversies, together with in museum shows, history websites, archaeological websites, and different ancient and public venues. With over one hundred fifty colour pictures and illustrations, together with a photographic essay, readers can consider the profound visible influence of this fabric culture.

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Download PDF by J. Huang,A. Billo: Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea: Navigating

By J. Huang,A. Billo

Heightened tensions within the South China Sea have raised critical issues concerning the risks of clash during this quarter because of unresolved, complicated territorial disputes. This quantity deals certain insights right into a variety of country-perspectives, addressing the ancient, criminal, structural, neighborhood and multilateral dimensions of those disputes

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Download PDF by Michael Clarke,Stephan Frühling: Australia's Nuclear Policy: Reconciling Strategic, Economic

By Michael Clarke,Stephan Frühling

Australia’s Nuclear coverage: Reconciling Strategic, fiscal and Normative pursuits seriously re-evaluates Australia’s engagement with nuclear guns, nuclear strength and the nuclear gasoline cycle because the sunrise of the nuclear age. The authors advance a holistic belief of ’nuclear coverage’ that extends around the 3 unique yet similar spheres - strategic, monetary and normative - that experience arisen from the fundamental ’dual-use’ hassle of nuclear know-how. present scholarship on Australia’s nuclear coverage has in most cases grappled with every one of those spheres in isolation. In a clean evaluate of the sector, the authors examine the wider goals of Australian nuclear coverage and element how successive Australian governments have engaged with nuclear concerns due to the fact that 1945. via its holistic technique, the publication demonstrates the common sense of possible conflicting coverage positions on the center of Australian nuclear coverage, together with simultaneous reliance on US prolonged deterrence and the pursuit of nuclear disarmament. Such obvious contradictions spotlight the advanced relationships among assorted ends and technique of nuclear coverage. How successive Australian governments of alternative political colours have tried to reconcile those of their nuclear coverage through the years is a important a part of the historical past and way forward for Australia’s engagement with the nuclear gas cycle.

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